Svyatoslav Pavlovich Nesterov (1921 – 1988)
Svyatoslav Pavlovich Nesterov – soviet physicist.
He was born on 22nd of December, 1921, in Pushkino, near Moscow, in a family of medical officer.
In 1939 he entered physics department of Moscow State University. After beginning of the World War II he was evacuated to Ashkhabad where he met A.D. Sakharov.
After graduating magna cum laude from MSU, in 1943 he was assigned to military factory in Kuibyshev.
After the end of war Nesterov returned to Moscow and entered post-graduate courses of Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute to well known professor of physics Y.B. Zeldovich to study fundamental issues of quantum physics. At the age of 27 Nesterov defended a thesis and at the age of 32 he received a degree of doctor of physical and mathematical sciences. In 1958 in his scientific work (unpublished) he offered to introduce into quantum mechanics conception about structure of baryons as a compound particles consisting of three of more elementary particles. In theory of S. Nesterov electron and neutrino are regarded equally and can transform into each other. Hence reactions with spin impulse change are possible. During decay at intermediate stage so-called x-boson and other analogous spinor (terminal) particles are formed. The more important – that x-boson decay is non-uniform, with “delay”, as a result – baryon asymmetry development and following global spontaneous symmetry violation of many of spatial characteristics. Thus for the first time it was theoretically proven by S. Nesterov that in Universe there are enormous (billions of light years) areas with spatial division of matter with positive and negative polarization and corresponding to them physical fields determined by spin moment transfer, which were later called entropy (torsion) fields.
Similar principal idea and calculation were published by T. Van Hoven only in 1975, and practical prove was made by G. Hooft in 1995, for this he was awarded with Nobel Prize in 1999.
The idea and calculation of baryon decay offered by S. Nesterov were published only as a classified report.
Starting from March of 1951 until 1965 S. Nesterov, under guidance of his tutor Y. Zeldovich, was involved in military researches and work on nuclear weapons, for this he was awarded with Lenin Prize and title of Hero of Socialist Labor. In 1966 S.P. Nesterov received a title of corresponding member of Scientific Academy of USSR, in 1973 – title of academic. From 1986 he was a head of department of Physics Institute of SA of USSR, consulting physician of Direction of Institute of Space Researches of SA of USSR.
Starting from 1970’s on S.P. Nesterov’s initiative systematic researches of a new sphere of natural science – psychophysics has begun. Psychophysics is a science researching influence of physical fields on mental functions of a human.
On initiative of KGB of USSR head Y.V. Andropov, in Soviet Union research laboratory was created, the main goals of which were fundamental researches in this sphere and coordination of all works made in USSR by different scientific institutions in sphere of psychophysics and psychotronics. S.P. Nesterov was offered to head this laboratory. Later this laboratory was reformed into Scientific and research institute of theoretical and practical biophysics. For a long time this laboratory functioned under veil of secrecy.
After elimination of USSR, S. Nesterov was not able to conduct his researches in his motherland. In 1994 he was invited in USA by famous American physicist T. Van Hoven, and he continued his studies in laboratory of psychophysic researches of International Research Institute of Stanford headed by E. Krik.
On 14 of August, 1998, S.P. Nesterov died in New-York.
Evaluation of scientific accomplishments of Svyatoslav Nesterov is impossible until secrecy terms of his works are still valid. Nevertheless in goes without questions that his name deserves to be known in the history of world science.